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Police restraint of paranoid schizophrenic ‘probably more than minimally’ contributed to his death

Written by on 07/10/2020

The way in which police restrained a paranoid schizophrenic “probably more than minimally” contributed to his death in custody, an inquest jury has said.

Kevin Clarke, 35, died in March 2018 in the midst of a mental health crisis.

Jurors in the inquest found the way that police officers restrained him was inappropriate.

Kevin Clarke, a 35-year-old with paranoid schizophrenia, told officers "I'm going to die" as he was handcuffed.
Image: He told officers: ‘I’m going to die’ as he was handcuffed

They said: “It is highly likely that at least one officer heard Mr Clarke say ‘I can’t breathe’, on one of the occasions he repeated it.

“Despite this, no action was taken other than one officer saying ‘you’ve got to breathe, you’ve got to breathe, breathe, deep breaths’.

“Failure to remove restraints at this point was contrary to guidance and training.”

They added: “It appears that the officers’ decision to restrain Mr Clarke was unduly influenced by the knowledge that he had been Tasered on a previous occasion – they did not sufficiently take into account other facts that were clearly evident.”

Ahead of the conclusion of the inquest, Sky News spoke to Kevin’s mother, Wendy, and his sister, Tellecia.

To them he was always smiling and incredibly caring, and they cannot believe he is no longer here.

The month-long inquest at Southwark Coroner’s Court heard from Metropolitan Police officers present on the day, the London Ambulance Service, as well as an independent expert consultant physician and consultant psychiatrist.

Kevin’s mother sat in court every day.

Speaking to Sky News, she says reliving her son’s last minutes during the inquest has been distressing: “I’ve asked myself a lot of questions. If they’d handled the situation a bit better, KC would’ve been alive today.

“I really can’t come to terms with it. I’ve broken down so many times. What happened left me with panic attacks, I’ve had so many since.

“It’s been devastating. It’s had a terrible effect on the whole family. I think about him every day.”

Kevin as a young boy.
Image: Kevin as a young boy

Kevin’s support workers had first expressed concern for his safety on the afternoon of 9 March. He had been wandering around in the cold for hours.

Officers talked to him about the concerns of his support staff. On the police’s body-worn camera footage, Kevin tells them he’s “just chilling” and is wearing three jumpers to keep him warm.

The two officers leave him be and it was decided at that point they weren’t going to section him.

Later, police were called again, this time to a park where Kevin was found lying on the muddy ground.

A couple of officers approached him and checked on his welfare: “Are you alright? What’s your name? Have you been drinking?”

They encouraged him to relax. One officer helped loosen his jacket when he said he was “too hot”. He also obliges when officers reach for his phone and bus pass.

Multiple officers surrounded Kevin as he lay rocking side to side on the ground. As he went to stand however, the officers gathered around him, they then restrained him using two sets of handcuffs and leg restraints.

PC Lee Pidgeon, who says he recognised Kevin was in a mental health crisis, told the inquest he seemed “a bit fidgety” and the use of handcuffs to restrain him was appropriate as he was showing signs of acute behavioural disorder.

The officers involved said they had followed correct police training procedures.

Kevin died on 9 March 2018.
Image: Kevin was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia at 17

Giving evidence, PC John Buckingham said leg restraints were used to protect Kevin and anyone around him and in that situation, they would automatically request such restraints.

At 19-and-a-half stone, it is thought his stature may have intimidated police, who were concerned about his strength.

Kevin had a history of being violent when responding to help. In 2016 his forensic psychologist described him as a “gentle giant” when he was well.

But when unwell, Senior Coroner Andrew Harris said he became uncooperative and difficult, he also had a habit of resisting treatment.

Kevin can be heard groaning and moaning in the footage while restrained. PC Pevvy told the inquest that they felt deescalating the situation wasn’t an option.

Another officer in the footage, PC Dannielle Barnes, can be heard explaining to paramedics who met them on the field, that he had gone from “quiet to aggressive”.

On the same reel of footage, Kevin is then heard saying “I can’t breathe” and “I’m going to die”.

During the inquest many of the officers agreed – upon reflection and in reviewing the incident on camera – that they could hear distress in Kevin’s voice, but said it was hard to make out what he was saying specifically.

When asked by the coroner why Kevin was “ignored” by the officers there, PC Pidgeon said: “I cannot answer that, sir, I don’t know.”

Kevin lost consciousness as he was taken to the ambulance and later died in hospital.

He had been living in supported accommodation for two years. The inquest heard that since he was 17, Kevin had been living with paranoia and schizophrenia.

His family never feared him as he was never aggressive or threatening towards them.

Speaking to Sky News, his mother Wendy says every time his health deteriorated she would always care for him: “When he had a breakdown we’d go to the hospital to visit him and make sure he pulled through.

“When he was going through one of his episodes he’d go very, very quiet. But he’d keep himself very active, going to the gym, exercising and swimming. He had good days and bad days.

“It was difficult for him because he wanted to live a ‘normal’ life but he did his best to get through it each time.”

A tribute to Kevin’s life is captured in a mural painted opposite Lewisham police station in south London.

It was former police officer Adam Pugh’s idea who pursued the mural with the family’s blessing.

Kevin’s sister Tellecia explained how she will go on to remember her late brother.

She said: “My brother was such a loving and caring person, he was amazing. I could count on him for everything. He was always laughing and bubbly.

“He was like a father figure to us – he’d do anything for anyone. He put himself before others, that’s the sort of person he was. Kevin was loved – he was really loved.”

 Sky News

© Sky News 2020

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